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Norton Bavant G2

primary name: Norton Bavant G2

other name: RCH: Norton Bavant 2

archaeology / bronze age

SiteName: Scratchbury Camp, Parish: Norton Bavant, County: Wiltshire, LocalityType: bowl barrow, LocalityType: round barrow, Coordinates: NGR:ST91394436

Bowl barrow with primary cremation in chalk cut cist (1ft deep) with 2 perforated bone plates and a bone pin.
author: Martin, Andrew, Dr.

No. .2 contained within a cist in the chalk, an interment of burned bones, and some articles of bone, two of which were about two inches long, and flat, and the third was either a pin or arrow head, neatly polished to a very sharp point.

The next barrow we opened was No4 This was also circular, nearly 40 feet in diameter and of ? elevation, the cist in the barrow was about a foot deep in the chalk below the floor of the barrow, this contained burnt human bones, bone arrow heads* two other pieces of bone [about 2 inches long] that were supposed to be some part of the dress. The arrow head was neatly polished with a very sharp point.

Scratchbury Camp-Barrow 2 (V.C.H. Norton Bavant 2) (Fig. 1). As described by Sir Richard Colt Hoare,5 this Iron Age hill-fort contains within its defences at least seven barrows of the Early or Middle Bronze Age. The objects shown in fig. I were found in No. 2. This is a bowl-barrow, today about 40-45 feet in diameter and 32 feet high.' In a pit dug into the chalk beneath the mound a cremation was found; among the bones there were three objects of which two are in the Devizes Museum, a bone pin and a perforated bone plate.' The Bone Pin: This has been cut from one end of the long-bone of an animal about the size of a sheep. The end of the bone has been completely removed. A sharp point has been worked at the other end. The section is trough-like along its whole length. The writer has not located any parallels for this pin, either in Wessex or in the Yorkshire Wolds. It is an unusual type in that all traces of the end of the bone have been removed. In this it differs from the perforated pin from Snail Down (fig. 2). The pin from Scratchbury was probably stuck in the hair.8 Perforated Bone Plate: Hoare records that two such plates were found and gives their length as 2 ins. The one which survives, in a damaged state, is 22 ins. long. It is a rectangular plate of bone, probably cut from the shoulder blade of some large animal. One side is flat, the other convex. The undamaged end tapers slightly and is squared off. Two cylindrical holes have been bored at this end. Below the holes a series of at least four wide flat grooves have been made across the plate on the convex face. There are no corresponding ones on the other face nor any hollows along the edges. Where the grooves appear the plate is rather worn on the convex face. Clearly this object is not, as the catalogue asserts, a wrist guard, being too frail and belonging to a pair. The grooves would seem to have been intended to keep in place four or more threads or cords and may therefore have served the same purpose as the plates from Snail Down and Wilsford (see below, figs. 2 and 3). Alternatively, the two holes, originally, perhaps, duplicated at the other end, may have been for its attachment to some other material, perhaps leather; the grooves on the upper face might then have received a series of threads running across the plate.

H/C. RCH 2: primary cremation with bone pin and 2 perforated bone plates. AW i. 70.

Related object: DZSWS:STHEAD.19a

Related object: DZSWS:STHEAD.19b

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