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Norton Bavant G1

primary name: Norton Bavant G1

other name: RCH: Norton Bavant 1

archaeology / bronze age

SiteName: Inside Scratchbury, Parish: Norton Bavant, County: Wiltshire, LocalityType: bowl barrow, LocalityType: saucer barrow, LocalityType: round barrow, Coordinates: NGR:ST91144425

Bowl or Saucer Barrow with primary (?) cremation with a bronze pin with disc head and ridged swelling, a small bronze dagger, a twisted bronze pin, 50+ amber beads (also possibly faience) and a large amber ring. A small pile of ashes, intermixed with burnt bone, lay close to the interment.
author: Martin, Andrew, Dr.

This camp is rendered particularly interesting by several tumuli... Within this work is a large circular barrow, No. 1, but not above three feet in elevation. It contained an interment of burned bones, with which were deposited a small lance head of brass, a large amber ring, above fifty beads of the same material, a piece of brass two or three inches long, resembling a screw, and another bit of twisted brass, all of which are preserved in the museum of Miss Benet at Norton-house. Close to the above interment was a pile of ashes intermixed with fragments of burned bones.

TUMULUS XXI to XXVI Copy of a letter to Mr Coxe August 23 1802 Sir I am just returned from exploring the North Barrows and hasten to give you an account of our discoveries. I must first inform you that the Barrows we opened seven in number, are situated on the hill above the turnpike road leading from Hey.. to Warminster, and opposite to the village of Norton. Upon the western side of this hill,directly opposite Norton House is Scratchbury camp, in the area which are five of the above tumuli. Mr Bennett very kindly left the direction of the business to myself and men, and we began by opening the Barrows no1 and 2 in the annexed sketch. No 1 is a very small barrow but produced nothing.... Sepulchral uses, as it contained a cist enclosing burnt human bones.etc. The place of interment was a small cavity in the floor of the barrow about three feet south of the center. The first indication of us being near the interment was from discovering a small brass spear or lance head* [This is similar to one I found in a barrow on Brook Downs] when on clearing away the earth we found a pile of burnt bones, on examining these we found about fifty amber beads in very fine preservation, a large amber ring, a piece of brass two or three inches long, something like a screw, also another pierced brass. I consider this as an interesting barrow, as it contains beads and arms, where as Mr Douglas in his memia says that in the barrow which he has opened he never met with a single mix of arms with beads, therefore discredits Stukeley who discovered in a barrow near Stonehenge Oc... Prior to the Roman roads, contained unconverted Saxons----- I opened four barrows that have contained arms and beads near Norton Barrows ---and a multitude which have contained urns, brass pins and arrowheads.... Of the beads found in the tumuli, by far the greater part are red amber which was the most esteemed by the ancients, the variety of forms such as circular. Long oval, half a circle, half oval cut lengthways - the next in quantity are the glass pully.. The spear head was very small but in good preservation and had been neatly made. The piece of brass like a screw I had only in my hand once, therefore cannot say much about it, yet it appeared to me from the workmanship to have been manufactured in an era when the arts of working metals were in great perfection, the whole of these relicks are now in Norton House. I should have observed before that close by the above interment was a pile of ashes, intermixed with small fragments of burnt bones, this practice is very common, and I account for it by supposing that when the body was consumed, the large bones were collected and interred as above, afterwards the ashes with the remaining small fragments of bones were piled by the side of the grand deposit, yet I remember one instance where cremation was practiced and the small bones interred in a cist when the ashes and very small bones were left in an urn by the side.

WC states that this was originally prob. a saucer-barrow but the outer bank was ploughed out. D. RCH 1 : primary (?) cremation with small bronze dagger, bronze pin with disk head and ridged swelling, bronze shank of pin twisted like screw, over 50 beads of amber and perhaps faience (S 27), and large amber ring (Wessex grave 77). AW i. 70; Arch. xliii. 466, figs. 167 and 169. Objects in 1917 owned by V. Benett Stanford, Hatch House, Tisbury. WAM xli. 193.


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